Learn More about Common Foot Conditions.
Arthritis is the leading cause of disability in the United States. It can occur at any age, and literally means “pain within a joint.” Although there is no cure for arthritis, there are many treatment options available. It is important to seek help early so that treatment can begin as soon as possible. With treatment, people with arthritis are able to manage pain, stay active, and live fulfilling lives, often without surgery. (Orthoinfo.aaos.org)
Loss of blood flow and nerve ending damage are common symptoms of diabetes. Decreased blood flow can make your feet less able to fight infection and nerve damage can allow foot injuries to go unnoticed (National Pedorthist Services).
Plantar fasciitis (fashee-EYE-tiss) is the most common cause of pain on the bottom of the heel. Approximately 2 million patients are treated for this condition every year. Plantar fasciitis occurs when the strong band of tissue that supports the arch of your foot becomes irritated and inflamed. (Orthoinfo.aaos.org)
When you participate in sports and physical fitness activities, you can injure the soft tissues of your body. Even simple everyday activities can damage these ligaments, tendons, and muscles. Some of the soft-tissue injuries you are most likely to experience include sprains, strains, contusions, tendonitis, bursitis, and stress injuries. (Orthoinfo.aaos.org)
You have flat feet when the arch on the inside of your feet is flattened, allowing the entire sole of your foot to touch the floor when you stand up. A common and usually painless condition, flat feet may occur when the arches don’t develop during childhood. In other cases, flat feet may develop after an injury or from the simple wear-and-tear stresses of age.
High foot arches are more likely to be caused by a bone (orthopedic) or nerve (neurological) condition. Unlike flat feet, highly arched feet tend to be painful because more stress is placed on the section of the foot between the ankle and toes (metatarsals). This condition can make it difficult to fit into shoes. People who have high arches usually need foot support. A high arch may cause disability.
The Charcot foot is a rare condition that can occur in some people with diabetes. The underlying factor that contributes to the development of this condition is a loss of sensation in your feet—nerve damage that is referred to as peripheral sensory neuropathy. A condition resulting from nerve damage in which the joints and soft tissue in the foot are destroyed. (diabetesforecast.org)
A neuroma is a painful condition, also referred to as a “pinched nerve” or a nerve tumor. It is a benign growth of nerve tissue frequently found between the third and fourth toes. It brings on pain, a burning sensation, tingling, or numbness between the toes and in the ball of the foot. The principal symptom associated with a neuroma is pain between the toes while walking. Those suffering from the condition often find relief by stopping their walk, taking off their shoe, and rubbing the affected area. At times, the patient will describe the pain as similar to having a stone in his or her shoe. The vast majority of people who develop neuromas are women. (apma.org)
Peripheral neuropathy is damage of the peripheral nerves. Your peripheral nerves—the nerves in your toes and fingertips—are the ones on the periphery of your body. When the nerves are damaged, they don’t function properly. People with peripheral neuropathy have decreased or abnormal sensation in their toes and fingers. Sometimes, they develop problems moving these parts of the body as well.
Diabetic ulcerations are often one of the first signs of complications from diabetes in the lower leg. These ulcers can stem from a small wound or cut on the foot that is slow to heal. If left untreated, ulcers can become harder to treat and could lead to amputation. If discovered early and treated by a podiatrist, ulcers may not lead to amputation. (apma.org)